Among all the global problems we are facing presently, we generally never consider pollution as the biggest contender. This is mainly because like all other problems, pollution is invisible in many ways and we only face the consequences of it. However, pollution has become a global problem and if not elucidated in time, the results are going to be worse. Pollution is the silent poison that is affecting the human race slowly and the results caused by it are unalterable. The increasing pollution problems are not only a threat to humans but to the other living beings and environment. Most polluted cities in the world are some selected examples from the present times that give us a hint about the future situations that we may face if we don’t slow down our working style. Go through the list of cities which have been titled as the most polluted city across the globe.
1. Linfen, China:
Located in southern Shanxi province, People’s Republic of China, Linfen is land locked with an area of 20,275 square kilometers and a population of 4,316,612 according to the 2010 Census. As one of the most developing nations in the world, China made Linfen as the rapid industrialization and urbanization center from the early nineties. The city has abundant deposits of coal and other resulted in sudden growth of in unauthorized private mines. Linfen was ranked last on the World Bank’s air quality rankings and tops the list for the world’s ten dirtiest cities. Just before the time when Linfen came under the national surveillance as an industrial hub, the town was quite popular for its natural beauty and attracted tourists from various parts of the world. Presently, the industrial city has gone through a prominent decrease in tourism. Moreover, according to World Health Organization reports, more than six hundred people in the city die due to health problems caused by pollution.
2. Tianying, China:
Located in northwestern Anhui Province, China, Tianying is the prefecture-level city of Fuyang with more than 140,000 people affected from pollution complications. The most common types of land and air pollutions are a result of mining activities of lead and other heavy metals. The city has several unlicensed mining and processing units which have become a common source of pollution. International health surveys show a marginable growth in pollution contents is several times more than that of the national standards. The polluted land and water resources have also affected the local agriculture in the city and have resulted in various health problems. Lands are high with contents of pollutants and have become a major cause of health problems like lead encephalopathy, learning disabilities, hyperactivity, hearing and visual problems. However, the government has been trying to control the increasing pollution in the city with projects like shutting down the lead firms and essential usage of lead smelters in authorized firms.
3. Sukinda, India:
Located in Jajpur district, Sukinda is a developing industrial town in the state of Odisha, India. The town has more than ninety percent of chromite reserves of the country and has an area about 50 square kilometers. The major causes of pollution in the town are the improper mines and processing techniques being used. River Brahmani flows close to the city and is affected to a large extent from industrial wastes and untreated water which has become a major cause of health problems. Some of the common health issues in this town due to improper chromite mining are tuberculosis, asthma, infertility and other birth defects. Such health problems have become the main reason of more than eighty percent deaths in the town. Not only in the town but the increasing pollution harms have been affecting the areas nearby. According to the 2010 survey done by the Odisha State Health Organization and WHO, there are around 3 million people affected from the pollution problems in the town and other neighboring areas.
4. Vapi, India:
Located in Valsad district, Vapi is a city in the Indian state of Gujarat. The city is around the southern part of the state and around 140 kilometers north of Mumbai. Situated on the banks of the Damanganga River, the city is the largest industrial area in Asia and is mainly dominated by chemical industry plants like United phosphorus, Arti Chemicals, Themis Chemicals and Micro Inks Limitedoperate. According to the Blacksmith Institute’s survey in 2007, the city was listed among the top ten of the most polluted places in the world. However, according to the 2012 surveys of Comprehensive Environmental Pollution Index, Vapi was ranked with the number position for the polluted cities in the country. the pollution levels in the city has increased by 2 percent as they were 88.09 in 2009 and about 90.75 in 2012. Moreover, the natural resources in the city and the areas neighboring it has an exceeding content of nitrogen dioxide, lead, nickel, arsenic and other harmful pollutants.
5. La Oroya, Peru:
Located in the Yauli Province, Peru, La Oroya is the capital of the province and is situated around 176 km north-east of the national capital. The city is home to various copper and lead smelters which have become the biggest source of pollution over the years. Such smelters and refineries surrounding the city area produce metallic impurities and other byproducts that are the main cause of pollution in the city. These smelters have been active from last past ninety odd years and slowly acted as a poison for the people living the city. The city has ranked among the top ten most polluted cities of the world by the Blacksmith Institute and still the multinational companies owing some of these smelters fail to cope up with the modern technology. According to a survey by WHO, more than ninety percent of children in the city are suffering from health issues caused by toxic pollutants. However, the state government has designed some strict laws and authorities to look after the increasing pollution problems in the city.