Born on October 25, 1881 Pablo Picasso was one of the greatest and significant artists of the twentieth century. Picasso was a painter and artist who is also famous for co-founding the Cubist movement and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Pablo picasso paintings can be categorized into phases. The Blue Phase from 1901 to 1904, the Rose Phase from 1905 to 1907, the African-influenced Phase from 1908 to 1909, Analytic Cubism from 1909 to 1912, and Synthetic Cubism from 1912 to 1919 are some of his widely accepted art phases.
Almost all the twentieth century artists were influenced by this great painter. Picasso’s work was radical and had a deep influential meaning to it. Unlike other artists, Picasso was not limited to one type of art form. He spent his whole life experimenting and developing new art forms through his work.
Picasso dedicated his whole life for the development of new art forms and thus had to face a lot of critics. On 8 April, 1973, this great artist took his last breath.
Blue Nude 1902:
Blue Nude was created by Pablo Picasso in 1902. This was the time when Pablo Picasso was in grief of his friend’s tragic death. This masterpiece was one of the Blue Phase paintings which used only one color in whole painting. It is a painting of a nude woman, sitting and embracing on her knees. The painting is simple and uses dark and light shades of blue color. Even though it is simple but still it expresses the feelings behind this painting beautifully. This painting is an example of the fact that Picasso was a great painter who even in the times of grief was able to paint a masterpiece with simplicity. Blue Nude painting has an attractive mixture of textures which makes it one of the finest paintings of Picasso.
Le Moulin de la Galette 1900:
Le Moulin de la Galette, was Picasso’s first Parisian painting. He was only nineteen years old when he painted Le Moulin de la Galette. In Le Moulin de la Galette, Picasso displayed a scene of fashionable people of those times. This painting uses some of the vibrant colors to show the glamorous and entertaining lifestyle of those times. The painting depicts a scene of lusty decadence and flashy charm of the famous dance hall, where middle-class clients and prostitutes came together. However, one can see the faces of the people in painting emotionless. This might as well be a satire on the high societies. During his stay in Montmartre, Picasso went to many night clubs and other places where he saw the glittering and glamorous life of the city which he reflected through this painting.
La Vie 1903:
La Vie was painted by Picasso in 1903. This is one of the paintings which have been discussed a lot but Picasso himself never gave any personal interpretation to it. This is painting consists of two females, one naked and hugging her lover, and the other dressed and carrying a baby in her arms. In the middle is the artist Casagemas who is pointing at the baby. The background of the painting carries two canvases. One canvas is depicting an inconsolable couple and the other a wrinkled character in pain. Studies have shown that the depicted artist was initially planned to be Picasso, with a pregnant lover. This painting is the most complex and largest painting of the Blue Phase.
The Old Guitarist 1903:
Another painting of the Blue Phase is the Old Guitarist painted by Picasso. It was painted in 1903 in Barcelona. Picasso constrained himself to a unicolor blue palette with flattened forms based on emotional and psychological themes. Picasso referred The Old Guitarist as an eternal face of human suffering. The Painting depicts a bent and blind man holding his large, fat guitar close to him. The brown body of the blind man is the only difference between this and Picasso’s other Blue Phase paintings. The stretched out painting of the blind musician also reflects Picasso’s awareness in the history of Spanish art and his interest in the great artist El Greco.
Woman with a Crow 1904:
Woman with a Crow portrays Marguerite Luc, also known as Margot. Margot was the stepdaughter of the owner of Le Lapin Agile, a Montmartre café which was frequently visited by various artists. Woman with a Crow was drawn by Picasso in 1904 and is another creation from his Blue Phase. The painting depicts Margot with a thin face, wide skinny shoulders and thin fingers with a crow that she cuddles. The strong blue background was introduced after the drawing and thus overlapping can be seen in several places. The distortion of forms and the lack of details with the use of blue color gives this painting a feeling of loneliness which is completed with the presence of the black crow.
Family at Saltimbanques 1905:
Family of Saltimbanques was painted by Picasso in 1905. This painting depicts a number of circus performers and thus is known as the family of Saltimbanques. Circus performers were regarded as independent but poor social outcasts. They were a good symbol to represent isolated new artists. As Picasso was also a new and isolated artist, this painting might as well be a depiction of his loneliness like other artists. The painting depicts figures inhabiting a desert with all of the figures knit together. Though the figures are knit in a carefully balanced composition, still each figure is expressively remote from the others. Picasso reworked the Family of Saltimbanques a number of times by adding figures and changing the configuration of the painting.
Gertrude Stein 1905-06:
Picasso had always been drawn to poets. His studio door was marked “Au rendez-vous des poetes” which means the poet’s bistro. Although Picasso generally worked quickly; there were many sittings throughout the winter of 1905 to 1906 for this portrait. The head of the painting was repainted about three times, developing from a full face to the just about front view of the face. Stein and Picasso remained good friends for a long time and Stein helped Picasso by introducing him to various other rich and high class people who could buy his paintings.
Two Nudes 1906:
The Two Nudes was painted in 1906. It envisions a love between women as epic self-reflection. The painting depicts two nude women but with faces towards each other. The woman in the right is not quite completely hidden whereas the woman in the left on the other hand is looking into the viewer’s eyes. The main motive of Picasso in this painting was to hide the identity of the two women in the painting. However the first look at this painting tells that the women in it are ugly, even though they are not. So, Picasso succeeded to hide the face of the woman and still created a sexual tension between the women in the painting.
Les Demoiselles dAvignon 1907:
Picasso always recognized the importance of Spanish art and Iberian sculpture as inspirations on the painting. He painted Demoiselles in the year 1907. Picasso stayed at the Musée d’Ethnographie du Trocadéro in 1907 where he was influenced by African and Tribal art. The painting consists of five nude women with the rightmost woman pulling a curtain. Les Demoiselles is believed to be influenced by African tribal masks and the art of Oceania, although Picasso denied the connection. It turned out to be a revolutionary and controversial painting which led to anger and disagreement amongst Picasso’s closest associates and friends. It is also believed that the painting was a reply to Henri Matisse’s Le bonheur de vivre and Blue Nude.
Three Women 1907-08:
Painted in 1908 Three Women is an oil and canvas painting by Picasso. The Three women was painted using rough and violent patterns. The three figures in the painting are also distinctive with most distinguishing modern African-influenced figure pieces. The painting was revised by Picasso with each of the three women depicted differently. Experts say that this painting is also influenced from African and Tribal art. The woman on the left seems like to be African. The woman on the right is painted in soft and richer form. The third woman looks most vague and diagrammatic.